What is Eastern Europe? How did places like Gepidia, Nitra, Great Moravia, the Avar Khaganate, Habsburgia, Pannonia, Thrace, Dacia, Moesia, nomadic Göktürks under the Rouran Khaganate, Dalmatia, Cimmeria, Anatolia, the Great Seljuq Empire, Corinth, Onoghuria, Scythia, Syrmia, Vojvodina, Bulgaria, Carpathia, Illyria, Hamangia, Bosnia, Budim, Egri, Sigetvar, Temeşvar, Pomorje, Serbia, Arduba, Daorson, Ošanićia, Sarmatia, Čapljina, Ardea, Neretva, and Ossetia, in the middle of a continent that became socially dominated in the later half of the 2nd millennium A.D. by residents of its western islands and peninsulas, come to be seen as a “unified group” so that when an American visits Bratislava he expects something similar to Bucharest?

https://i1.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/66/Austria-Hungary_map.svg/1000px-Austria-Hungary_map.svg.png

https://i0.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/bc/Cucuteni-Tripol%27ye_Culture_Outline_Map.png

https://i0.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e0/Drau_river.PNG

https://i2.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/ac/East_Roman.jpg

https://i0.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/bb/Roman_Empire_125.png

https://i2.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e3/Map_of_Serbia_%28Vojvodina%29.PNG

https://i1.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e2/Avars.png

https://i2.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/ea/RomaniaBorderHistoryAnnimation_1859-2010.gif

https://i2.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5a/Teritoriul_onomastic_al_elementului_dava_-_Sorin_Olteanu.jpg

https://i2.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0f/Romania_general_map.png

https://i1.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d5/Pontic_steppe_region_around_650_AD.png

https://i2.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/66/State_of_Cuman-Kipchak_%2813.%29_tr.png

https://i2.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e4/Serbia_mountain_ranges.png

https://i0.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/ee/Serbia_regions.png

https://i0.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f7/Serbia_and_Vojvodina_1848.png

https://i0.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/96/Vojvodina_municipalities_map.png

https://i0.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/24/Vojvodina_gradovi.png

https://i1.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/92/Vojvodina_languages2002.png

https://i0.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/01/Carpathian_Basin-Pannonian_Basin.jpg

https://i2.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/ad/Serbia_in_the_Yugoslav_Wars.pnghttps://i2.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/ad/Serbia_in_the_Yugoslav_Wars.png

https://i2.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/ab/G%C3%B6kturksAD551-572.png

https://i2.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5d/Central_europe_1683.png

https://i2.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/23/Pannonian_Basin.svg/1000px-Pannonian_Basin.svg.png

https://i0.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7e/Satellite_image_of_Romania_in_December_2001.jpg

https://i1.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/03/Regiuni_de_dezvoltare.svg/1000px-Regiuni_de_dezvoltare.svg.png

https://i2.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8e/Growth_of_Habsburg_territories.jpg

https://i0.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a2/Habsbourg-1700.png

https://i2.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/86/Europe_As_A_Queen_Sebastian_Munster_1570.jpg

https://i0.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5d/Map_of_the_Kingdom_of_Croatia-Slavonia_%281885%29.png

https://i1.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Slovakia_topo.jpg

Anne Applebaum’s answer is that the present categorisation was essentially shaped by the USSR, a political powerhouse in Eurasia during the 20th century.

 

bonus: from Wikipedia, here are some notable biomes in the middle of the Eurasian supercontinent.

the steppe:

The Pannonian plain is divided into two parts along the Transdanubian Mountains (Hungarian: Dunántúli-középhegység). The northwestern part…and the southeastern part…comprise the following sections:

Note: The Transylvanian Plateau and the Lučenec-Košice Depression (both parts of the Carpathians) and some other lowlands are sometimes also considered part of the Pannonian Plain in non-geomorphological or older divisions.

Regions

Relatively large or distinctive areas of the plain that do not necessarily correspond to national borders include:

https://i0.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/39/Europe_biogeography_countries.svg/2000px-Europe_biogeography_countries.svg.png

https://i2.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8e/Centralbalkan.jpg

https://i1.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Pan%C4%8Di%C4%87ev_vrh_during_winter.jpg

https://i1.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/0d/Mustila_Arboretum.jpg

https://i1.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5a/Parc_national_Tara_Serbie.jpg

https://i1.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/78/Morava_river2.jpg

https://i0.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b4/Pontic_Caspian_climate.png

https://i0.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f2/Novi_Sad_1920.jpg

https://i2.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/bf/Belianske_Tatry_from_Jah%C5%88aci_%C5%A1t%C3%ADt.jpg

https://i2.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/46/Roh%C3%A1%C4%8De_-_Mas%C3%ADv_Ban%C3%ADkova_%282178%29%2C_Pla%C4%8Div%C3%A9_%282125%29_a_Ostr%C3%A9ho_Roh%C3%A1%C4%8De_%282087%29.JPG

https://i2.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/94/Oilcape.jpg

Alans

https://i1.wp.com/www.tryukraine.com/info/images/ukrainemap.jpg

https://i0.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e8/Ottomanbosnia.PNG

https://i1.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/23/Pannonian_Basin.svg/2000px-Pannonian_Basin.svg.png

https://i0.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7e/Bosnia_kingdom_in_the_XIV_c.jpg

https://i0.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/bb/Roman_Empire_125.png

https://i0.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c3/Seljuk_Empire_locator_map.svg/1000px-Seljuk_Empire_locator_map.svg.png

https://i2.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f1/Ukok_Plateau.jpg

https://i0.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/03/NE_600ad.jpg

https://i0.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c3/Seljuk_Empire_locator_map.svg/1000px-Seljuk_Empire_locator_map.svg.png

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